Augusta, Maine

Augusta, Maine is the state's capital city, and the county seat of Kennebec County. Augusta is also the largest city in the area, covering more than 55 square miles on both sides of the Kennebec River. Augusta borders the towns of Manchester to its west, Sidney and Vassalboro to the north, Windsor to the east, Chelsea to the south, and the city of Hallowell to the southwest.

Augusta has been Maine’s capital city since 1827, seven years after Maine was admitted to the Union. While the temporary capital of Portland was the largest city in the state then, Augusta was more centrally located than Portland. Most of the state and county governmental agencies are located in the Capitol Building, called the State House. One of the most beautiful sites in the State of Maine is the beautiful landscape between the State House and the Kennebec River known as Capitol Park.

The Governor's Mansion, called the Blaine House, is located in Augusta. The house was a gift to Maine from Mrs. Harriet Blaine Beal and has been the official residence of Maine governors since 1919.

Most statewide organizations in Maine base their offices in this city, which is considered a central location to hold meetings and conferences, usually in the Augusta Civic Center. The 49,000 square foot Augusta Civic Center, owned and operated by the City of Augusta, hosts conventions, corporate meetings, sporting events, expositions and trade shows which generate hotel and motel room stays and related revenues for the city.

Augusta, Maine, population 18,560 in 2000 (U.S. Census Bureau), offers a variety of outdoor year-round recreational activities. Surrounded by many lakes, ponds, and bisected by the Kennebec River, Augusta attracts visitors who enjoy canoeing, boating, swimming, sailing, ice skating and fishing. Public boat landings on the Kennebec River can be found in Augusta, and nearby Hallowell, Gardiner, and Richmond.

Augusta Schools provide public school education to the children of Augusta. There is only one university located within Augusta -- the University of Maine at Augusta -- but residents enjoy easy access to nearby Waterville, where Thomas College and Colby College are located. The Kennebec Valley Community College in Fairfield also serves the residents of Augusta, Maine.

Cultural attractions in Augusta include the Maine State Museum, Maine's largest history museum, and the Old Fort Western Museum, a 1754 National Historic Landmark fort, store and house on the Kennebec River.

The Maine General Medical Center, which has both Augusta and Waterville campuses, serves Augusta. The Maine General Medical Center is seeking state approval to build a $322-million regional inpatient hospital next to the Harold Alfond Center for Cancer Care in north Augusta.

The Augusta State Airport provides passenger air travel service to Augusta. The city is the northern terminus of the Maine Turnpike (I-95), with two interchanges serving Augusta. The Augusta Police Department and the Augusta Fire Department provide public safety services to the citizens of Augusta, Maine. Other municipal services include water and sewer service.

Trial Courts in the State of Maine consist of state courts and county courts. Superior Courts and District Courts are considered state courts, and Probate Courts are county courts. Augusta utilizes the Kennebec County Superior Court at 95 State Street, Augusta, ME. Superior Courts have jurisdiction over all civil and criminal cases, but generally only handle cases that are beyond the jurisdiction of other courts. Superior Courts are the only courts that offer jury trials. The Kennebec County District Court – Augusta is located at 145 State Street, Augusta, ME 04330. The Kennebec County Probate Court is located at 95 State Street, Augusta, Maine.